Ich wusste nicht, wie gut du küsst! (German Edition)

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I especially love the yellow dress with wide pleats. Lyrics in German: Du, du liegst mir im Herzen du, du liegst mir im Sinn.

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So, so wie ich dich liebe so, so liebe auch mich. Lyrics in English: You, you are in my heart. So, as I love you so, so love me too. The most tender desires I feel for you forever. Yes, yes, yes, yes, I feel for you forever. You, you know you can rely on me You do know how good I am! Yes, yes, yes, yes You do know how good I am! The past participle does not change. She bought a new skirt.

Gestern habe ich Tennis gespielt. Yesterday I played tennis. Maike hat mir sehr geholfen. Maike has helped me a lot. Sie haben zu viel Bier getrunken. Mixed verbs There is also a group of verbs often called mixed verbs which have a stem change but add -t instead of -en. I thought so. Das habe ich nicht gewusst. As you can see, most participles end in -en, but there are exceptions such as gereist.

Sie ist Lehrerin geworden. But it is also important to know their participle forms. The past participle of haben is gehabt: Er hat keine Zeit gehabt. Sein has an irregular past participle — gewesen: Wo bist du gewesen?

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Where have you been? In spoken German, it is quite common to use the simple past of haben and sein as an alternative to the present perfect tense. For more details see Unit Other points to watch out for Verbs with stem endings in -d or -t Verbs whose stem ends in -d or -t need an extra -e to form the participle: Hast du wieder so viel geredet?

Have you been talking so much again? Er hat viel gearbeitet. This applies to regular verbs such as bezahlen and verkaufen and also to irregular verbs such as verlieren: Er hat das Essen bezahlt. Wir haben das Auto verkauft. Was ist passiert? What has happened? Have you opened the beer? Die Eltern haben eingekauft. The parents have done the shopping. Have you got up early again? Working with verb lists Most German coursebooks, grammars and dictionaries have a list of irregu- lar verbs in which the past participles are given.

We recommend that you use these lists regularly and learn the most important verbs by heart. As with most other grammar points — the more you practise, the more progress you will make with your language learning. Place a tick against them. Mark the ones which take sein with an asterisk.

One example has been done for you. Example: Peter seine Schwester. Example: Ich stehe um acht Uhr auf. Unit 21 7 Um zwanzig Uhr gehen wir ins Kino. Whereas the present perfect tense is mostly used for the spoken language, the simple past is mainly used in written German. All forms are explained in the following paragraphs. Regular verbs in detail Formation To form the simple past tense of regular verbs, take the stem and add the appropriate endings.

As a child he lived in Berlin. Gestern kaufte er eine neue CD. Yesterday he bought a new CD. Yesterday it rained. He talked for one hour. Irregular verbs in detail Similarly to English, German irregular verbs form the simple past through a stem vowel change. Yesterday I watched a movie.

Er schrieb einen Brief. He wrote a letter. Sie gingen ins Restaurant. They went to a restaurant. Mixed verbs There is also a small number of verbs which change their stem vowel, but have the -te endings like the regular verbs. They are often referred to as mixed verbs. She thought about her holidays. Das wusste ich nicht. Haben, sein and the modal verbs Although the simple past tense is mostly used in written German, it also occurs in the spoken language. This particularly applies to haben and sein and the modal verbs. Haben and sein Both verbs are quite irregular in the simple past tense.

Er hatte schrecklichen Hunger. He was terribly hungry. Er war letztes Jahr in London. He was in London last year. Wo wart ihr denn? Where were you? Er konnte nicht kommen. Wir mussten arbeiten. We had to work. Read the text and underline all verbs in the simple past tense. In dem Haus war alles klein: da stand ein Tisch mit sieben kleinen Tellern. An der Wand standen sieben Betten.

Decide whether the underlined verbs are regular, irregular or mixed and classify them as in the columns below. In some cases no ending is needed. Example: Er trank eine Flasche Bier. Unit 22 6 Er schrieb ein E-mail an seine Freundin. English has several ways of expressing this. Here are both forms in more detail. Using the present tense Speakers of German mainly use the present tense to refer to the future when the context makes it clear that you are referring to a future event. Fahrt ihr nach Italien in den Ferien? Will you be going to Italy in your holidays?

As you can see, there are often bits of information in the sentence which suggest the future. Expressions indicating the future There are quite a few words which give clear indications of a time in the future. Whenever you are using one of these words, you can quite easily use the present tense because it is evident that you are not speaking about the present.

Look at the following examples: Ich bin bald fertig. In einer Woche sind wir in Italien! Will you be free next month? I will call you. Wirst du zu Hause sein? Will you be at home? Er wird die ganze Woche lange He will be working late all week. Sie werden im August umziehen. They will move house in August. Tomorrow it will rain. Werden is an irregular verb Werden is quite irregular.

You have already come across this principle with modal verbs and with the present perfect tense. Example: Am Dienstag gehen wir ins Restaurant. Use a the present tense and then b the future tense with werden. Using prepositions in German The function of prepositions in English and German is very similar. What complicates matters in German is that prepositions usually require a certain case. But for any other structures where the preposition precedes an article or possessive, you must be aware of the case the prepositions govern and the changes this may imply. I am against the plan.

Note that a few prepositions also require the genitive case in German. Here are some examples: Bis morgen.

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Until tomorrow. Gehen wir durch den Park? Shall we go through the park? Thanks for the present. He drives against the wall. Ich reise nie ohne meinen Wecker. I never travel without my alarm clock. Unit 24 Endings in the accusative case Remember that in the accusative case articles, possessives or the negative kein referring to masculine nouns end in -en: Gehen wir durch den Park? They come from Berlin. Potsdam is near Berlin. Sie war beim Arzt. He is travelling by car.

How do I get to the railway station? Ich fahre nach New York. I am going to New York. In all these examples, you have to learn the corresponding preposition in German. The one you will probably most frequently use at this level is in: Sie geht ins in das Kino. In is followed by the accusa- tive case. Sie war im in dem Kino. In is followed by the dative case. I put the book on the table. The book is on the table. He puts the poster on the accusative wall. The poster is on the wall. She puts the CDs on the shelves. The CDs are on the shelves. Er war im Kino. It is also very common to say aufs instead of auf das: Sie legt die CDs aufs Regal.

Trotz des schlechten Wetters fuhr Despite the bad weather he took er mit dem Auto. As a beginner you will not use all of them. In a good course book they will be introduced in groups so that it is easier for you to memorise them. Also try to learn them in context, so that you will know when to use them, and make sure that you know which prepositions take which cases. Example: Kommst du mit i Kino? Can you give other examples of such contractions? In English this causes no problems, as the adjective does not change its form. The computer is new.

KISSING PRANK EXTREME !!! Sie wusste nicht wie gut ich bin 😏👅🔥

Die Ausstellung ist interessant. The exhibition is interesting. Look at the following examples: Der Computer ist neu. Es ist ein neuer Computer. Es ist eine interessante Ausstellung. Das Buch ist langweilig. Es ist ein langweiliges Buch. This may sound more complicated than it actually is. In practice many endings are identical and there are certain patterns you can apply. It is a new computer. It is an interesting exhibition. It is a boring book.

Accusative case The endings in the accusative case are like the ones in the nominative, with the exception of adjectives describing masculine nouns, which add -en: Claudia hat einen neuen Computer. Claudia has got a new computer. Er besucht eine interessante He is going to an interesting Ausstellung. Er liest ein langweiliges Buch. He is reading a boring book. Unit 25 Dative case The adjective endings in the dative case are relatively easy — they all add -en.

Sie trafen sich auf einer They met at an interesting interessanten Ausstellung. Possessives and kein Note that all these endings apply also when the adjective follows the posses- sives mein, dein, sein etc. This is my new computer. Das ist keine gute Ausstellung. This is not a good exhibition. After the possessives and kein, all adjectives add -en. See the table below for more details. We have added the endings for the genitive case, although you will probably use them only at a much later stage. German wine is often sweet. Italian pizza is very popular. Tschechisches Bier schmeckt gut.

Czech beer tastes nice. Accusative case In the accusative case, adjectives describing a masculine noun add en: Er mag deutschen Wein. He likes German wine. The feminine and neuter forms are the same as the nominative. Sie liebt italienische Pizza. She loves Italian pizza.

Er trinkt viel tschechisches Bier. He drinks a lot of Czech beer. In the absence of an article, the adjective takes the typical dative endings -em, -er, -em : Fisch passt zu deutschem Wein. Fish goes well with German wine. Czech beer. Plural forms In the plural the nominative and accusative cases add -e, and the dative needs the -en ending.

Unit 25 Summary — adjective endings with no article Here is a full list of adjective endings where there is no article. We have also added the endings in the genitive case. All adjectives add -e: Der blaue Rock sieht gut aus. The blue skirt looks great. The green jacket suits her. Das blaue Hemd kommt aus Italien. The blue shirt is from Italy. She is wearing the blue skirt today. She likes the green jacket. Er kauft das blaue Hemd.

He is buying the blue shirt. Plural forms As in the dative, all plural forms add -en. Dieser blaue Rock kostet nur This blue skirt costs only 20 Euro. Jedes neue Hemd kommt aus Each new shirt comes from London. As before, we have included the genitive endings. They bought a bigger house. Der beste Wein kommt aus Italien. The best wine comes from Italy. Sie produzieren den besten Wein. They produce the best wine. Example: Das ist ein gut Buch. Note that phrases marked with an asterisk take the accusative case. Example: Lieb Freunde. Which ones need to take an ending?

Note that the s is dropped in sechzehn and siebzehn drops the en. Again the s is dropped in sechzig and the en in siebzig. Numbers over 20 Numbers over 20 are formed by giving the unit number, then und and then the tens. In German, it is literally translated : one-and-twenty.

Heute ist der sechste Mai. Today is the sixth of May. Ordinal numbers with dative endings To indicate on which date something happens, use am in German. Are you free on the thirtieth of this month? Vom dritten bis zum The shop is closed from the third zweiundzwanzigsten ist das to the twenty-second. The Berlin Wall came down in Goethe was born in Write out the numbers using the structure der erste, der zweite etc.

Example: 1. Mai — Maifeiertag 4 9. Mai — Muttertag 5 3. Oktober — Der Tag der Deutschen Einheit 6 November — Der Beginn der Faschingszeit 7 6. Dezember — Nikolaustag 8 Dezember — Heiligabend Exercise Einwohner 2 Berlin has three million four hundred and seventy-one thousand inhabitants. Unit 26 6 She was born on the seventh of January.

If you have more than one clause in a sentence, the clauses are usually con- nected by a linking word. He works for Siemens and she works for Ford. Kommst du heute Abend oder kannst du dann nicht? Er hat nicht geantwortet, weil er kein Deutsch spricht. These are called co-ordinating conjunctions. There is no logical reason why certain conjunctions introduce a main clause and others introduce a subordinate clause. You need to learn them by heart. Here are both categories in more detail. Co-ordinating conjunctions in detail The most important co-ordinating conjunctions are: und and aber but oder or denn because sondern but after a negative statement All these conjunctions work in a similar way to English conjunctions.

Their meaning and usage is explained in the following examples. If the subject is the same in the two clauses which are connected by und then you can but do not need to repeat it in the second clause: John arbeitet bei Ford und er John works for Ford and he earns verdient gut. John arbeitet bei Ford und verdient John works for Ford and earns gut. Note that there is always a comma in front of aber. At this stage, you will most often use oder when you are making suggestions or when you are asking questions. Note that there is always a comma before denn.

Like denn and aber, sondern is preceded by a comma. Here are some examples: Meinst du, dass es morgen regnen Do you think that it will rain wird? It is similar to denn, but is used more frequently in spoken German. However, the meaning of denn and weil is exactly the same. Sie haben Max eingestellt, weil er They gave Max the job because der beste Kandidat ist. Wenn Wenn has two uses. The other use refers to things happening in the past on a regular basis: Wenn er Zeit hatte, ging er immer Whenever he had the time he ins Kino. Sie kamen nach Hause, wenn sie They went home when they had kein Geld mehr hatten.

If you can, then you normally use wenn in German.

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This is mandatory in German. Ich habe seine Nummer vergessen. Starting with a subordinate clause It is also quite common in German to start a sentence with a subordinate clause. Unit 27 Exercise Es liegt in der Schweiz. Das ist Roger Moore. Er muss arbeiten. Er arbeitet halbtags in einem Supermarkt. Willst du ins Kino gehen? Das Wetter dort ist sehr angenehm. Make any neces- sary changes to the word order. Example: Viele lernen Deutsch. Die Sprache ist sehr wichtig.

Es gibt so viele Biersorten. Die Stadt ist oft hektisch und anstrengend. Die Arbeitslosigkeit ist sehr hoch. Es gibt auch wirtschaftliche Probleme. Subject Finite verb Object or other elements Peter likes music. We are going to Italy next week. However, there are still patterns and rules.

Time — Manner — Place Another rule refers to the sequencing of various elements in a sentence. Expressions of time come before manner how something is done and the description of a place Time — Manner — Place. Die Kinder schlafen immer sehr lange in den Ferien. In den Ferien schlafen die Kinder immer sehr lange. This feature in German grammar is called subject—verb inversion. Fortunately they spoke German. Two verbs in a sentence It is also common to have two verb forms in a sentence.

Here are examples of this principle. Ich muss jetzt unbedingt Jens I absolutely have to phone Jens now. What will you do? What are you going to do? Uhr angerufen. Kaufst du mir ein Eis? Will you buy me an ice cream? Give me the book. Open the door. In all of these, the word order is verb — subject — other elements. Instead, it goes to the end of the clause.

Subordinate clauses are introduced by conjunctions such as weil, wenn, dass, etc. Ich ruf dich an, wenn ich fertig bin. Idiot ist. More than one verb in subordinating clauses One of the best-known rules in German is the stacking-up of verb forms at the end of the clause. This happens in subordinate clauses when you are using the perfect tense or a modal verb: Ich habe es meinem Freund versprochen. Ich muss jetzt nach Hause gehen, weil ich es meinem Freund versprochen habe.

Wir sind nach Italien gefahren.


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Wir konnten dich leider nicht besuchen, weil wir nach Italien gefahren sind. Starting a sentence with a subordinating clause It is also possible to start a sentence with a subordinate clause. However, there are a number of guidelines for elements which appear after the verb. Following the Time — Manner — Place rule, a description of time should come before the other two: Time when?

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Manner how? Ich fahre am Wochenende mit dem Bus nach Paris. Peter kauft nach der Arbeit noch schnell im Supermarkt ein. Other combinations Often not all three elements are present. However, the order of the remaining items should follow the Time — Manner — Place rule: Time when? Ich fahre mit dem Auto nach Deutschland. Sie gehen heute Abend ins Kino. Unit 28 Example: Sie fahren in den Ferien immer nach Italien. Remember to follow the Time—Manner—Place rule. Weihnachten Exercise Put the words in the correct order.

Start with the word in italics. German gender is grammatical things can be masculine, feminine or neuter. Articles change, for example when the noun is the object of the sentence. Adjectives change according to the noun. UNIT 2 Exercise 2. UNIT 3 Exercise 3. If the verb is separable, it will have sep after the main entry. UNIT 6 Exercise 6. Checklist 1 There are three. UNIT 7 Exercise 7. Checklist 1 Wie 2 At the beginning.

Key to exercises and checklists Checklist 1 Nouns, including objects, can be masculine, feminine or neuter. Neuter: -chen, -lein, -ma, -ment, -o, -um. UNIT 9 Exercise 9. Checklist 1 They add -e. For other changes see p. For other changes see pp. Third the preposition determines which case follows. UNIT 11 Exercise Checklist 1 It is the subject of the sentence. UNIT 13 Exercise UNIT 14 Exercise Checklist 1 The genitive is determined by its role in a sentence or clause indicating possession or ownership , and a number of prepositions require the genitive case. Checklist 1 ich, mich, dich, Sie, ihn, sie, es, uns, euch, Sie, sie.

Deine Briefe? Aber ich bin traurig, so traurig, so traurig! Undoubtedly, you must have had an after thought of delicate shame at expressions that are ineffaceable. In your sensitive and timid soul you must have regretted having written to a man that you loved him. You remembered sentences that called up recollections, and you said to yourself: "I will make ashes of those words.

Be satisfied, be calm. Here are your letters. I love you. No, you have not understood me, you have not guessed. I do not regret, and I never shall, that I told you of my affection. Hier sind Deine Briefe, ich liebe Dich. I will always write to you, but you must return my letters to me as soon as you have read them.

I shall shock you, my friend, when I tell you the reason for this demand. It is not poetic, as you imagined, but practical. I am afraid, not of you, but of some mischance. I am guilty. I do not wish my fault to affect others than myself. Nein, Du hast mich nicht verstanden, hast meine Absicht nicht erraten.

Understand me well. You and I may both die. You might fall off your horse, since you ride every day; you might die from a sudden attack, from a duel, from heart disease, from a carriage accident, in a thousand ways. For, if there is only one death, there are more ways of its reaching us than there are days or us to live. Then your sisters, your brother, or your sister-in-law might find my letters!

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Do you think that they love me? I doubt it. And then, even if they adored me, is it possible for two women and one man to know a secret—such a secret! Wenn es auch schon nur einen Tod giebt, so giebt es doch mehr Todesursachen als wir Tage zu leben haben. I seem to be saying very disagreeable things, speaking first of your death, and then suspecting the discreetness of your relatives. Ich glaube es kaum. But don't all of us die sooner or later? And it is almost certain that one of us will precede the other under the ground.

We must therefore foresee all dangers, even that one. As for me, I will keep your letters beside mine, in the secret of my little desk. I will show them to you there, sleeping side by side in their silken hiding place, full of our love, like lovers in a tomb. You will say to me: "But if you should die first, my dear, your husband will find these letters.

Aber wir sterben ja alle, heute oder morgen, nicht wahr? I fear nothing. First of all, he does not know the secret of my desk, and then he will not look for it. And even if he finds it after my death, I fear nothing. Du wirst sagen: aber wenn Du nun zuerst stirbst so wird Dein Mann diese Briefe finden. Did you ever stop to think of all the love letters that have been found after death? I have been thinking of this for a long time, and that is the reason I decided to ask you for my letters.


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  8. Hast Du schon einmal gedacht an alle die Liebesbriefe, die man im Schreibtisch einer Toten findet? Think that never, do you understand, never, does a woman burn, tear or destroy the letters in which it is told her that she is loved. That is our whole life, our whole hope, expectation and dream. These little papers which bear our name in caressing terms are relics which we adore; they are chapels in which we are the saints.

    Our love letters are our titles to beauty, grace, seduction, the intimate vanity of our womanhood; they are the treasures of our heart. No, a woman does not destroy these secret and delicious archives of her life. But, like everybody else, we die, and then—then these letters are found! Who finds them? The husband. Then what does he do? He burns them. Aber wir sterben wie alle Welt und dann — dann wird man unsere Briefe finden. Wer findet sie?